cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics


Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics - ScienceDirectThe European Commission is considering expanding its restriction on cadmium and its compounds in plastics from the current 16 materials listed in Annex XVII of REACH to all plastic materials. It has asked the Helsinki-based European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to examine the case for an outright ban. Previous article in.cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics,Survey of cadmium and cadmium com- pounds - Miljøstyrelsenby Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 (*). Cadmium , CAS No 7440-43-9 , EC No 231-152-8 and its compounds: 1. Shall not be used in mixtures and articles produced from synthetic organic poly- mers (hereafter referred to as plastic material) such as: — polymers or copolymers of vinyl chloride (PVC) [3904 10] [3904.Cadmium Stabilisers - PVCSep 21, 2015 . Cadmium was used in the form of a stearate or laurate for stabilising PVC and was almost invariably combined with a similar barium ester as well as a lead stabiliser. Properties and Applications Barium/cadmium stabilisers do impart excellent heat stability and outstanding weatherability to PVC compounds.

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Hazardous substances in plastic materials

plastic materials. The report presents key information on the most used plastic types and their characteristics and uses, as well as on hazardous substances used in .. cadmium and zinc compounds. Lead is most efficient and used in the lower amounts. Bisphenol A (BPA);. Cadmium compounds;. Lead compounds;.

Plastics that contain hazardous substances: recycle or incinerate?

polystyrene (EPS). These plastics contain four hazardous substances that are the focus of this report: cadmium and lead compounds as stabilisers in hard PVC, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) as a plasticiser in soft PVC, and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) as a flame- retardant in EPS. These plastics have to satisfy.

cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics - ECHA

Nov 9, 2012 . ECHA expects to receive a request from the Commission to prepare an Annex XV dossier in which it should be assessed whether the existing restriction on cadmium and cadmium compounds can be widened to cover all plastic materials (additional to the 16 plastic materials covered by the existing.

All the information on Cadmium - Pigments

Their greatest use is in plastics but they also have significant application in ceramics, glasses and specialist paints. Modern day Cadmium pigments are carefully . Cadmium pigments are specific Cd compounds, with different CAS numbers and REACH registration files. Cadmium zinc sulphide = CI Pigment Yellow 35, CAS.

Hazardous substances in plastic materials

plastic materials. The report presents key information on the most used plastic types and their characteristics and uses, as well as on hazardous substances used in .. cadmium and zinc compounds. Lead is most efficient and used in the lower amounts. Bisphenol A (BPA);. Cadmium compounds;. Lead compounds;.

Plastics that contain hazardous substances: recycle or incinerate?

polystyrene (EPS). These plastics contain four hazardous substances that are the focus of this report: cadmium and lead compounds as stabilisers in hard PVC, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) as a plasticiser in soft PVC, and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) as a flame- retardant in EPS. These plastics have to satisfy.

Cadmium Review - World Health Organization

Nordic Council of Ministers. Cadmium Review. January 2003. Report no. 1. Issue no. 04. Date of issue. 28. January 2003. Prepared. CRL, EHN . Cadmium and cadmium compounds are, com- pared to other heavy metals, relatively water ... compounds as stabilisers in plastics, colorants in plastics and paint etc. Also.

Lead and cadmium in soft plastic toys - CalEPA

Sep 25, 2007 . Lead and cadmium are also added to PVC or other plastic products as colouring agents in the form of organo-metallic compounds. Lead and cadmium are known poisons, being neurotoxins and nephrotoxins respectively. Although numerous epi- demiological studies have been carried out on the health.

Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: Where is Cadmium Found? | ATSDR .

May 12, 2008 . usage of phosphate fertilizers,; presence in sewage sludge, and; various industrial uses such as NiCd batteries, plating, pigments and plastics (ATSDR . When released into the atmosphere by smelting or mining or some other processes, cadmium compounds can be associated with respirable-sized.

cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics,

Cadmium and its compounds - ChemSafetyPro.COM

Jul 17, 2016 . Restrictions of Cadmium and its compounds in articles and consumer products: Cadmium and its compounds and REACH annex XVII restricted substances list. . Cadmium and its compounds are mainly used in batteries, pigments, alloys, electroplating and coating, and used as stabilizers for plastics.

Cadmium FAQ - Dartmouth Toxic Metals Superfund Research .

Nov 18, 2010 . By evaporating a compound of cadmium known as cadmium telluride onto glass or plastic, engineers can create a semi-conducting layer only several atoms thick. The resulting product serves as an ultra-thin, highly energy efficient solar cell. Such thin-film solar cells may provide a cost-effective and efficient.

Cadmium, Chemical Element - water, uses, elements, metal, number .

Cadmium was discovered by German chemist Friedrich Stromeyer (1776-1835) in 1817. It is found most . It is also used in pigments, coatings and plating, manufacture of plastic products, and alloys. An alloy is . Caution must be used when handling cadmium and its compounds, as they are toxic to humans and animals.

Cadmium legislation update

Cadmium compounds have been historically used in the footwear industry as pigments and polymeric stabilisers. However, their use has been . As well as in plastics, yellow, orange, red and maroon pigments containing cadmium have been used in ceramics, glasses and specialist paints. Cadmium compounds have also.

State of Oregon: Oregon OSHA - Cadmium

Overview. Cadmium is a toxic metal used in batteries, alloys, coatings, solar cells, plastic stabilizers, and pigments. Cadmium and its compounds target the body's cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems and are known to cause cancer. Cadmium is used predominantly in.

cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics,

Cadmium | Cancer Trends Progress Report

Most cadmium used in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals like zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium has many uses, including in the production of batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics. Cadmium and its compounds are highly toxic and exposure is known to cause cancer. It is primarily.

Periodic Table of the Elements Cadmium facts, information, pictures .

A popular use of cadmium compounds is as coloring agents. The two compounds most commonly used are cadmium sulfide (CdS) and cadmium selenide (CdSe). The sulfide is yellow, orange, or brown, while the selenide is red. These compounds are used to color paints and plastics. There is concern about possible.

cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics,

Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds - LADEP

Cadmium (CAS No. 7440-43-9) and. Cadmium Compounds. Known to be human carcinogens. First Listed in the First Annual Report on Carcinogens (1980) . Inhalation exposure to a variety of cadmium compounds caused lung tumors. (pulmonary .. electroplating and coating, and stabilizers for plastics (IARC 1993,.

Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds - TCEQ

Sep 2, 2016 . telephones, camcorders, portable computers, portable appliances and toys) (ATSDR. 2008; USGS 2008). Cadmium sulfide compounds are used as pigments in a wide variety of applications. These applications include engineering plastics, glass, glazes, ceramics, rubber, enamels, artist colors,.

Hazardous Metals in Vintage Plastic Toys Measured by a Handheld .

Vintage Plastic Toys. Measured by a Handheld. X-ray Fluorescence. Spectrometer. Introduction. Hazardous Metals in. Contemporary Toys. Recent years have seen a sharp increase in .. embedded metals or metal compounds. . *Although no limit is defined for toys, in children's jewelry, cadmium cannot exceed 300 ppm.

IHS EIATRACK: Reports on Cadmium compounds

Results 1 - 25 of 33 . Cadmium compounds (Metals) in Finland. cadmium (7440-43-9). Restrictions: All articles: 0.01% by mass in specific plastics. Specified articles: prohibition (if used for cadmium plating) Packaging: 100 ppm for sum of heavy metals. Electronics: 0.01%. Europe.

Cadmium (Cd) - Chemical properties, Health and Environmental .

It is similar in many respects to zinc but it forms more complex compounds. Applications. About three-fourths of cadmium is used in Ni-Cd batteries, most of the remaining one-fourth is used mainly for pigments, coatings and plating, and as stabilizers for plastics. Cadium has been used particularly to electroplate steel where.

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